In those times, crossing of the sea was in violation of the religious sentiments of many Indians. Some other reasons that led to the formation of the revolt of 1857 were the economical discrimination. They cannot rise above the rank of Subedar. My dear friend At this conjuncture I believe that the reasons for the Revolt of 1857 is indeed many, the prime and the most important one being the religious sentiments being hurt. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. This affected all the sectors of the Indian society. Some of them were : They even looked upon the reforming zeal of British officials with suspicion. People felt that the British policies were exploiting India as a country economically. The British followed a policy of RACIAL DISCRIMINATION and looked down upon the Indians. The Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organisation to rule over a country. They did not interact with the Indians and humiliated them. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. 4. General service enlistment act. Though the law was different for Europeans, all Indians were considered equal before law. The social causes behind the revolt are: (1) Political and organizational A rumor was spread that the cartridges were … 4. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. Great Revolt of 1857 The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. I hope you will be satisfied with the Answer To your Question. The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. were among the high degree of protests by the people that culminated in the revolt of 1857. A mutiny in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle February, 1857. These are the various causes resulted in the revolt of 1857. • On May 11, 1857, Indian sepoys revolted against the British in Meerut over the use of cartridges greased with pig and cow fat. The landholders and peasants, the scattered soldiers, the landlords were so depressed and unsatisfied. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt 1857. The rebellion. Some glaring examples of this period are the 1813 Charter Act which conservative Indians viewed as an imposition of Christianity over them. • Due to their colonial policies of economic abuse, industry, trade commerce, and agriculture suffered, and India became de-industrialized, broken and in debt. A. They were against introduction of railways as all the castes would have to travel in the same compartment. One such rumour was the use of grease cartridges in enfeild rifles. Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. The introduction of certain laws unsettled the mind of the Indians. It was the most remarkable single event in the history of … Every new recruit had to serve overseas. Revolt Of 1857 Social Causes Quick Notes on Revolt of 1857: Social Causes The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The Revolt of 1857, also known as The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was caused by various factors which were political, social, economic and military in nature. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. 20. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. 21 RELIGIOUS CAUSES They did not interact with the Indians and humiliated them. The Indian Sepoy were underpaid whereas their European counterpart were not. The Indian soldiers were also sent across the sea which was forbidden as per Hindu religious beliefs. Ltd. All rights reserved. These are the various causes resulted in the revolt of 1857. Revolt Of 1857 Social Causes Quick Notes on Revolt of 1857: Social Causes The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). D. Disbanded soldiers were seething with anger and were determined to revenge. The rulers of India fell one by one before the might of the Western arms. From the battle of Palessay in 1757, to the revolt 1857, it was a full century. Economic causes were among the major causes of this rebellion. There were many political, social, economic reasons behind it. CHurches and chaplains were established at Govt. Chapter 1.04 The Freedom Struggle of 1857, Chapter 1.04: The Freedom Struggle of 1857 - Exercise [Page 20], Balbharati History and Civics 8th Standard Maharashtra State Board, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Arts, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Commerce, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Science, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 10, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Arts, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Commerce, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Science, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 10, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Arts, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Commerce, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Science, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 10, SSC (English Medium) 8th Standard Maharashtra State Board. One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. The traders were also paid less. 5. • Under British rule, each region became a scene of resistance and revolt. The British were rude and used abusive and insultive language. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. The unrest of the sepoys in the army of the British is the spontaneous outburst against the British officer, and it was a peak of burning displeasure in sepoys. THE IMMEDIATE CAUSE OF THE REVOLT OF 1857. CAUSES OF REVOLT. The causes behind the revolt of 1857 were many, religion being one of them. 1. The British could easily suppress the revolt as they had enough armed forces. Other general causes of revolt were the British land revenue policies and the systems of law and administration. Revolt 1857 Causes. They were against introduction of railways as all the castes would have to travel in the same compartment. Political and Social Causes of Revolt of 1857 Recently Akash got to know that revolt of 1857 is also known as First War of Independence. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. Preservearticles - Causes of the Revolt of 1857 open_in_new . During that period, the British Empire saw its rise and completion. Therefore, in the first half of the 19th Century, the British proposal of social reform through the means of legislation- although it was directed towards the acceptability of British rule over India, but conservative sections viewed this as an imposition of Christianity over them. General service enlistment act. the britisheres said to sepoy that they have to use cartridges coated with fat of pig and cow. The British treat the Indian soldiers very differently from their counterparts. • The economic policies of the British resulted in ruin all the segments of the Indian society. Revolt of 1857 was the 1st war of independence in India. Indian sepoys formed more than 87% of British troops in India. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. Later in April sepoy troopers at Meerut refused the Enfield cartridges, and, as punishment, they were given long prison terms, fettered, and put in jail. the intervension of the british in people's religious believes and religious practices. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. It started in Meerut on 10th may 1857 The sepoys were unorganized, but they could create the sensation of the need for independence among Indians. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. What were the social causes for the revolt of 1857? The British followed a policy of RACIAL DISCRIMINATION and looked down upon the Indians. Greased cartridges were to be used in these rifles. THE REVOLT OF 1857 ; Social Causes ; Religious Causes; 18 SOCIAL CAUSES. But in the 18th century the pattern of trade underwent a drastic change. Military Causes: The Revolt of 1857 started as a sepoy mutiny. They did not interact with the Indians and humiliated them. In those times, crossing of the sea was in violation of the religious sentiments of many Indians. Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, … The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: * The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. This hurt all sections of society. The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. Viewing the Indians as racially inferior and culturally backwards made many problems in Indians. The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. According to the rumour the enfeild rifles used the fat of two animals,namely cow and pig. There was discrimination not only in the lower level, it prevailed in every level of the economy. The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. Huge taxes were levied forcing the peasants to borrow money from moneylenders, who seized their lands if they failed to pay back the loan. F. New LawsThe introduction of certain laws unsettled the mind of the Indians. 5. expenses , even civil and military officers propogated the Christian gospel. There was a clear lack of unity among the rebels and there was no common purpose among them during the revolt of 1857. India became a raw material producing country and raw material which was purchased from India at very low costs was processed into finished goods in the factories in England and then exported back to India. From the battle of Palessay in 1757, to the revolt 1857, it was a full century. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt 1857. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… With the onset of the the industrial revolution in England, many new industries came up and the dependance on Indian textiles came to an end. It was not planned and organized. Copyright © 2020 Applect Learning Systems Pvt. The British were also circumspect about interfering in the religious and cultural affairs of Indians. The British followed a policy of RACIAL DISCRIMINATION and looked down upon the Indians. The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. The soldiers had to bite the end of the cartridges to use them. Change in pattern of trade and commerce? The social and religious partiality of the British was unbearable. in 1849, Revolt of the Santhals (1855-56), Kol uprising (1831-32) etc. The European juries allowed European criminals with little or no punishment. They were considered inferior to British soldiers. To regard the rebellion merely as a sepoy mutiny is to underestimate the root causes leading to it. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. The Revolt of 1857 is called as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ‘Great Revolt’ and the ‘First War of Indian Independence‘ is the turning point in the account of pre-independent and early colonial India. Though a failure, the revolt of 1857 made an immense influence on the mindset of Indian people, and they became conscious about the racial discrimination and exploitation of the British. 19. The revolt did not spread to all the parts of India instead … C. Disgruntled Zamindars and TaluqdarsThe estates of many landlords were taken over by the East India Company when the native provinces came under the company's dominion. What were the social causes behind the struggle of 1857 ? Sepoys were unhappy because they were given less money and also they were conquering their own motherland (INDIA)!!!! An Indian sepoy was … This was believed to be an attempt to undermine the caste system and privileges of the upper class. They were shocked when a law was passed allowing Hindu converts to Christianity to inherit their ancestral property. And that if there was to be any interference in their religious and cultural affairs, then that would generate widespread revolts against the British rule and the newly established British rule would be uprooted very easily. In late March 1857 a sepoy named Mangal Pandey attacked British officers at the military garrison in Barrackpore.He was arrested and then executed by the British in early April. Every new recruit had to serve overseas. Child marriage, infanticide and polygamy were not allowed. The practice of sati was abolished. Upscguide - Causes, Outbreak, Failure open_in_new . Salaries were low. The revolt of 1857 suffered from a weak leadership. At the same time, when some of the social legislations were passed, like, the abolition of Sati, 1829 was passed by. Causes of the Revolt -New Enfield rifles required biting off greased cartridges, which the soldiers believed to be pig fat or cattle fat -Muslim's can't eat pig, and cattle are sacred to Hindus, so they rebelled because they believed the British were trying to convert them to Christianity The whites also started interfering in the religious and … During that period, the British Empire saw its rise and completion. British traders made enormous profits in this two way trade. Thus British government passed Government of India Act 1858 on August 2, 1858, according to which the power that the company enjoyed was snatched and a direct rule was established. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. ... LearnNext - Causes of the Revolt of 1857 open_in_new . Therefore, they sharply reacted. The Sepoy mutiny of 1857, popularly known as the Revolt of 1857 was the first major attempt at overthrow of the British rule from India led by disgruntled sepoys or army jawans and later joined by various sections of the society like princes, zamindars, peasants, etc. Find the incorrect match for the centre of the revolt and associated british officer. Greased cartridges were to be used in these rifles. Also, other higher ranks were reserved for the English sepoys and not for the Indians. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. Thus, it can be summarized that Indians began to doubt the objectives of the British since the advent of these legislations. • The expansionist and annexationist policies of the British power in India made all the Indian rulers, big and small, Hindu and Muslim look with doubt and developed hate towards the British power in India. The estates of 21,000 Taluqdars were confiscated when Oudh was annexed. Some of them were :Sati Ban ActWidow Remarriage ActThey even looked upon the reforming zeal of British officials with suspicion. The company introduced the Enfield rifles in the Indian army. They were shocked when a law was passed allowing Hindu converts to Christianity to inherit their ancestral property. The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: These were some of the points which caused the Revolt of the 1857. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. 3. Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapsepolicy hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states 3. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. There were many political, military, religious, social and economic causes of the Indian rebellion of 1857. As a result, there was an increase in dissatisfaction and hatred against British rule among different sections of Indian society. Changes in the policies of the British after the suppression of the rebellion of 1857: the main cause of the revolt of 1857 was because the british had introduced a nwe rifle ,to shoot you have to remove the catrige with their mouth which was covered in pig and cow fat grease. • Mangal Pandey, a sepoy of Barrackpore near Calcutta on 29 March 1857 initiated the revolt of sepoys, and it started as the revolt of the people. British paramountcy—i.e., the belief in British dominance in Indian political, economic, and cultural life—had been introduced in India about 1820. The company introduced the Enfield rifles in the Indian army. This disaffection ultimately led to a mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of 1857. Military Causes: Indian soldiers formed seven-eighth of the total British troops in India. They one by one became victims of British expansionism 4… Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. The rulers of India fell one by one before the might of the Western arms. Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt. Because rumour that cartidges are made of cows and pigs fat. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. A) Delhi ------------- … Several causes as follows were responsible for the great rising: The fear of the native rulers that their states would be taken over by the English, the resentment of the people of the annexed states and the occasional disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah, the Mughal emperor by the English constituted the political causes. The soldiers had to bite the end of the cartridges to use them. A. The Indian soldiers were also sent across the sea which was forbidden as per Hindu religious beliefs. The judicial system introduced by the British was based on equality. Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. Salaries were low. The British followed a policy of RACIAL DISCRIMINATION and looked down upon the Indians. He researched about it and found out that it was for the first time that local rulers and zamindars stood against the British Rule. The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. • Mangal Pandey was a spokesperson of the totality of the sepoys’ anger against the British. It was only later on that other elements of society joined the revolt. British expansionist policies, most of Raja’s, Nawab’s and zamindar’s, were either dispossessed or became subsidiary to the British 2. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. The other causes of the Revolt of 1857 were the military policies of the British. 4. Dissatisfaction at the workspace and the continuing abuse and low wages also marked important reasons for the revolt. THE IMMEDIATE CAUSE OF THE REVOLT OF 1857. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. As they were … for different reasons. The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. What is the immediate and religious causes of the mutiny? The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. Dissatisfaction at the workspace and the continuing abuse and low wages also marked important reasons for the revolt. Next keyboard_arrow_right. E. Activities Of MissionariesThe Indians had a lurking suspicion in their minds that they would be converted to Christianity under the new regime. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. The mutiny at Vellore (1806), at Barrackpore (1824), at Ferozpur (1842), mutiny of the 7th Bengal cavalry, mutiny of 22nd N.I. 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