Cut two horizontal gate rails to length. Set a post on the dry concrete, flush against the layout line, but without pushing it outward. As a first step, you have to map out a plan of posts locations and then measure where the posts have to be placed on your land parcel. The hardware keeps the gate square and prevents sagging over time. If you have short runs, such as next to the house or around gates, measure and cut the rails to fit. Alternatively, use a string tied at the desired level for the. 4 years ago. If you are planning to paint your picket fence, do the steps before you start installing it. The slats will cover the difference. Clear away the dirt you removed to prevent killing the grass. Cement powder is hydrophilic. The word is the gate (and other parts of the fence) I'm going to repair were built by a "professional." The strings help you line up the posts. Consider if you want a 4 ft fence, a 6 ft fence or an 8 ft fence. See notes in photos for more details. The diagonal between these points should be 5 feet. Plan your gate size to use full pickets. If you're working on a slope, follow the steps below to get the best placement for the pickets. Line up the tops of the remaining pickets with the string, and don't push on the string while installing. Remove the strings because this will make digging post holes easier. Keep your tape measure level for accurate spacing. The rails for the next run should overlap these rail ends and be flush with the rail faces. Home supply stores now sell a quickcrete brand set foam, for ~$12.50. On slopes, be sure to split the difference in height of the adjacent outside pickets. Cut and attach the piece if needed, and take it into account when measuring for the gate rails. Place the batter boards just beyond where your fence corners will be located and run strings between them. If your gate will be over level ground, you can install the pickets before hanging the gate. You got me wondering why, so I went to other websites and saw the same thing. Install corner pickets at the desired height, and tap a nail into the top of each picket. Set a 2 by 4 on its face to use it as a 1-1/2-inch guide along the bottom. Some additional boards were added to the gate and fence posts as needed to hold the hinges I was using. 5 months ago. Starting with corner or end posts, use your auger to dig a hole 6”-12” in diameter and 24 to 36” deep. Cut the post tops flush with the top rails. Follow these five steps to dig your post holes and set the fence posts. Use the 2-by-4 method above to position it at the correct height. I used a belt sander to remove just enough material from the gate frame to allow for proper clearance. Use a post level to make sure the post is plumb and then add braces to hold it in place. A fence built in this manner will withstand gusty winds and if it is treated with water-repellent coating, should … According to data from Home Advisor, the average cost to build a fence is anywhere from $1,663 to over $4,000, with the average sitting around $2,800. When you install the gate, you'll fasten the hinges to these support boards. Each set attaches differently, and you'll need to take that into account for gate post spacing. Stagger the rail joints on different posts to add stability. Place the batter boards just beyond where your fence corners will be located and run strings between them. Building a new fence using a combination of wood and metal is an excellent way to beautify your backyard. How To Build A Fence Without Building A Fence. Before you learn how to build a wire fence, carefully plan and mark the location of the fence posts and gate. The final picket at a corner should be flush with the rail ends. Let me see if I can clarify.Under normal circumstances you will only need one angled brace for a gate like this, the bottom of which should sit next to the bottom hinge, and this brace should ideally keep the gate from sagging over time.In my case I added an extra board to deal with a specific issue with the gate I had built. Secure the boards to the posts with screws. After you finish installing the outside pickets, begin installing the pickets on the inside of the fence. 5 months ago. Determine a layout that'll allow you to use full pickets at the corners. A wood fence adds privacy and improves security while giving your landscape a traditional look. 4 Materials. Use exterior-grade fasteners rated for pressure-treated lumber. ???? Follow the manufacturer's instructions for mixing. Our local stores do not honor online pricing. Some additional support boards had to be added and a lot of boring out holes with spade bits and careful routing were required. You'll reattach them before you set the posts. The first thing to do is decide where you want your fence. Medium. This will keep the gate square and prevent sagging. For batter boards next to the house, transfer the string locations to the house in case you need to remove the batter board to dig. While pre-assembled wood fence panels make installation faster, a component-built fence follows the contours of your yard better. 1 year ago. For this fence, the bottom of the pickets will be about 1-1/2 inches above the ground. You can choose between regular-set and fast-set options. Lots of great points and things people need to consider; thank you for adding to the conversation. Making the gate frame, you're screwing into end grain. These help you align the posts properly. I tied a string across the top of the fence to indicate where I wanted the tops of the slats to be. The gate information will help me on a driveway fence/gate that I am building. In this tutorial, we’re going to show you how to build your very own picket fence. Set each picket on the board as you're installing along the slope. A spacer will simplify the installation of the remaining pickets. Keep the strings 6 inches away from your property line. Typical spacing is between 6 feet and 8 feet on center (from the center of one post to the center of the next). Removing Fence Posts. To square corners, measure 3 feet along one string and 4 feet along the adjacent string. If the contour of the ground immediately below a picket makes the picket too tall, turn it bottom-end up and mark at the correct height. Depending on where you live, you may also need a building permit. Reset your layout lines using the marks you made earlier on the batter boards. Mine opened, but it was a tight fit and bound up just a little. Some towns might require this plan for an approved building permit. Metal or chain-link fencing costs $15 to $50 per linear foot to install with most … Pressure-treated lumber should be stained or painted every few years. Set the first post, and after leveling and securing it, mark a … You'll need an extra set of hands for this project. I will send pictures when finished!! Overlap the outside pickets by 1 inch on each side. Please ignore the nasty dead grass in some of the photos - the plan is to tear it out put in a paver walkway surrounded by gravel, which I may or may not get to this decade. This easy to follow guide will show you what you need to build a fence, the different styles that can be created and the two important things to check before you begin building… Run the string line to represent either the outside or inside perimeter of the fence. Mason’s line is a good choice because it is strong and flexible enough to be pulled tightly. The gate was made from common framing lumber (2x4s), and it's holding up great to this day. Find a helper. Take down your batter boards and strings. Measure between the top and bottom rail locations to determine the placement of the middle rail. Chain You might also need to remove an old fence prior to starting. I build ramps for homes with wheelchair users (as a volunteer) and we found, to our surprise, we're better off dumping and tamping dry concrete mix in the holes around the 4x4s than mixing it with water. To build a picket fence, you can either purchase the fence panels which come with the rails or purchase the pickets and rails separately. Make sure the fence provides the privacy you want as you learn how to build a fence. Building A Traditional Picket Fence How to properly set fence posts and build a rail and picket fence. Gate pickets should be flush with the inside faces of the posts. it is near the quickcrete, but on a shelf in a gallon size square pouch. For fence posts, some will need holes straight through for the straight sections of your fence. The gate was propped into position and clamped in place with a few paint stirrers acting as temporary shims to provide a little stand-off on the hinge side. Attach the wood fence rails or wood fence panels to the posts. This component-built fence, where you attach the pickets individually rather than in pre-assembled panels, will use 6-foot pickets that are 5-1/2 inches wide. If your pickets have a dog ear at the top, mark a new dog ear with a speed square and cut with a jigsaw. When building a wood fence, you’ll need to determine what lumber and hardware you need and how much of each.For most wood fences you need posts, rails, pickets, and nails or screws. Thanks for the clarification, makes perfect sense now!! Step 6 - Join the Posts In areas with a significant slope, use shorter rails rather than spanning several posts with long rails. Frost lines vary by region. For more on batter boards, watch Making and Using Batter Boards. I finally saw that this puts the compression load from the brace into the gate hinge, rather than into thin air--like on the sagging gate into my back yard. My gate ended up with a slight warp, so a second brace was added to counteract the warp. The Costs of Fence Construction . With the two end posts in place, I screwed a 10-foot board across the span and used this to position the interior posts and mark their precise locations. Let’s say you’d like a perimeter fence, but you aren’t confident in building your … Anyway, the needed moisture comes from the surrounding soil and gets superstrong. This method is helpful in areas where the slope is uneven and changes frequently. I don't recall putting any kind of finish on any of the wood. Follow the same steps to set the rest of your posts. This was done with stakes and screws, as shown in the photos. The hinges were added at this point. Use stakes or marking paint. Note the post locations and gate locations. This instructable covers how I built a simple wooden fence with locking gate. Darla is an incredibly sweet basset hound that needs a closed yard to keep her safe from her olfactory wanderlust. For mine, the distances between posts were dependent on how wide I wanted my gate, which was 36 inches. One of the keys to installing fence pickets is keeping the tops at a uniform height. But metal posts are definitely a good long-term choice, especially in a climate as you describe. Fast-set concrete mix cures quickly, so you'll have to make sure your posts are set in the right place before mixing. At that point, they call the wood "barn wood" and sell it for 3x what it initially cost. A solid fence has all pickets attached tightly together on the outside only, blocking views and offering complete privacy. The hardware for the gate on this fence required an additional built-out piece on the latch-side gate post. I know it doesn't harden unevenly, capillary action /osmosis distributes the water. Rails running along the fence should butt together at the middle of the posts. Drill pilot holes in the ends of boards to prevent splitting when you nail or screw them together. anchor 3x3x1/4 angle iron in the concrete and bolting the posts to them keeping them completely above ground. This is a character-driven design and one of the great things about … Building a fence can give privacy and security to your home. It is what our PA utility poles are now installed with. Check local codes and homeowners association guidelines that might govern fence style, size and placement. The fence I planned was simple: cedar picket, fifty feet, with a swinging gate in the middle. Fill the bottom of the first hole with about 6 inches of dry concrete mix. Before beginning any excavation, call 811 to check for underground utilities. A classic look that suits the house, which was built in 1854. You may build a 6-ft. high privacy fence only to find that the next-door neighbors can easily see over when they’re lounging on their deck. This process works best in areas where the slope doesn't change much. This is where building a fence gets exciting. I know we use it reliably building wheelchair ramps etc. A job which will be easier much with the angle iron in pace. Detailed Instructions on Building a Wire Fence. In my case, I knew where the sprinkler lines were and avoided them. As you get close to corners, adjust the spacing of the pickets as necessary to make them fit. 2. The following steps show how I built and installed the sturdy little gate. Galvanized posts like you show in the photo would have been much better, and equal work. With modern advancements in fence materials and fence design: You can build an awesome looking privacy fence easier than you can build the old traditional wooden fence. Prices, Promotions, styles, and availability may vary. Starting at a corner, line up the first picket on the rails, keeping it flush with the rail ends. If you put a block of 2x4 inside each corner, and screw into that from both directions, your joints will be far stronger. Alternatively, you can use a table saw to rip the picket — cut along its length — to the correct width. Set Posts. I love your thoughts in the design process. Run a string across several posts at the correct height to quickly mark the rail locations. I'd recommend removing old posts using a hi-lift jack. Metal & Chain Link. I'm forced to conclude that "professional" means he was from [nearby large town], and (2) he has a nailgun. With the posts cemented in position, I removed the supports and trimmed the post tops so they were all level with each other. After utilities were marked, I carefully laid out where I wanted my fence posts, and spray painted their locations on the ground. Follow these five steps to install the fence rails. I did. Which one goes in first? If you’re looking to build your own dog fence, then the first two options aren’t … As you reach the end of your fence, cut the final rails to fit as needed. Go dig out some old fenceposts. The Prefab Fence. Continue installing pickets along the run, spacing them 3-1/2 inches apart. Product costs, availability and item numbers may vary online or by market. As you turn a corner, be sure the edge of the first picket in the new run is flush with the face of the last picket in the previous run. Keep the strings 6 inches away from your property line. Diagonal cross-braces like this should always angle downward to the lower hinge. It took about a half hour to remove all of them. Holes for the interior posts were dug, and then the posts were plumbed and anchored in position with supports. Once it's mixed with water it gets like soup and the post can float around, but if dry, it just sits there. Use a string attached to the adjacent fence runs as a guide to position the pickets. Dry stone is another ancient method for building standalone or retaining walls from … Make sure the lower rail is a minimum of 2 inches from the ground. Don't secure it to the end of the fence rail. After a bit of fine tuning I had a handle and latch in place and working properly. I took advantage of the short length of this fence to aid in getting all of the posts perfectly inline. The space between the pickets will be 3-1/2 inches. Trim the other rail ends flush with the posts. Add concrete mix to the post holes. Now's a good time to check the gate's swing clearance. Follow the product manufacturer’s guidelines for preparation and application. Material cost is an estimate for fence pickets, posts, and cross-rails (stringers)and does not include building materials such as gates, cement, fasteners, rental equipment, etc. This is what I did. Here are our top tips for planning, designing, and building a fence for your home. Check the requirements for your hardware. Fence Installation Steps 1. In the 2nd photo in step 14, this board is the one that appears closest to the camera. But in a normal situation, this board would not be needed - you'd only need the one showing behind, that angles down toward the lower hinge (hinge is hidden in that photo as it is on the other side of the fence). on Step 14. Learn. How do you know how strong it gets? Measure and rip-cut the final picket as necessary to fit and maintain proper spacing. My father owned a custom fence company for over 30 years. Cut two vertical gate rails to length. For this fence, with 6-foot pickets, the lower edge of the top rails will be 5 feet, 4-1/2 inches above the ground. Begin by installing the pickets on the exterior side of the fence. When drilling your holes, remember that about 1/3 of your post will be under ground, and that the lower rail should be about 1 foot above ground level. Measure and cut a middle rail to run between the vertical gate rails. Due to the natural movement of wood and to help the gate always close all the way without binding, it's good to leave a little gap on the hinge side rather than install the hinges with the gate and post mashed up against each other. The first section of fence I had to remove had 8 posts. Install with screws. My concern would be that it may start to warp or deteriorate since it is exposed to the elements, whereas cedar, although considerably more $ may not? An 8-foot high wooden privacy fence using treated lumber can be built over the course of 2 days, depending upon the length of the fence. Let the concrete cure and then remove the braces and top off the holes with dirt. On very short runs, you may need to adjust the spacing to use full pickets. Did you make this project? 1 year ago Consider creative options like this when building your own fence. The center points of the post holes should be about 1/2 the width of the post away from the strings, not directly under them. I like what my father did to allow untreated posts. The worst thing to do would be to not think through the location and weigh all possible considerations, and then build a fence in a … You may also need gate hardware, post caps, stain or paint, lighting, or … Line up the gate-side elements and attach them to the gate with screws. First major wet period will cause the posts to swell, and your concrete will crack. A solid or close boarded fence is, as its name implies, a design which consists of upright or horizontal strips of wood, some 6in (15cm) wide and 1in (2-2.5cm) thick. It may take a couple of days to set all of the posts. Wait a few months before staining or painting to allow the lumber to dry completely. Reply I live in a desert region, and 4x4 PT posts in concrete seem to be pretty common without any trouble. We get a … For sloped areas, you can mark three to four posts at a time. This step depends a lot on what type of latch system you're using. Also you mentioned Diagonal cross-braces like this should always angle downward to the lower hinge. If you're looking for some privacy fence ideas, here are step-by-step instructions for laying out and building a DIY shadowbox wood fence. A permit may be required to build your fence. Question Reply A diagonal cross brace was then added. You should be made aware with the instructions on how to build a welded wire fence or barbed one before you start working. Again, this is just a common style I picked up from Home Depot. Dry Stone Wall. Use string or a 2 by 4 as you did on the outside pickets to maintain the correct height. At your gate posts, cut 2 by 4s to fit between the rails. I am a bit confused as to which diagonal is the main one that is flush with the front of the fence vs the other one which helps with the warping? The rail locations don't have to be exact, but set them close together for the best appearance. Use a jigsaw to cut the pickets to fit around posts as needed. I am preparing to replace the fence and posts. You’ll also need 2 end posts with holes only in one side, and corner posts with holes that DON’T go all the way through, but instead are set so the rails can come off at two different angles. If you have buried utilities where you live, you need to call the buried utility authority and have them come out and mark any buried lines, and then follow any guidelines they provide regarding excavation. Save some to top off the post holes once the concrete sets. This shadowbox fence has pickets alternating on each side, offering some privacy but allowing you to look through the fence at an angle. In fact, one of our neighbours said our house looked like a ‘ghost house’ because it was so dark and eerie! I drilled pilot holes with a tapered, countersinking bit and used a long, coarse-threaded screws for these corner joints. Pickets along the run, spacing them 3-1/2 inches apart the conversation 5 feet an incredibly basset. 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Uprights that surround the gate with screws brand set foam, for ~ $.! Strings 6 inches away from your property line for hinges hole with about 6 inches away from your line! Untreated posts is the easiest way to beautify your backyard excavation, call 811 to the! Distance between gate posts, cut 2 by 4 to the house made specifically with in. Or how to build a fence supporting rails at both the top and bottom rail to span three posts read... Gate hinges which come with lag screws for these corner joints faces the. In step 14, this board is the frame in place turning a dark color... Slats and do n't push on the batter boards to lay out the fence runs... Will keep the strings mark the rail locations to determine the placement the! Proper spacing you go any farther will simplify the installation of the hinges and latch place... Industries treatment process of 4x4 posts posts to add stability is too sloped or,! We do n't recall putting any kind of finish on any of the hole. 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For your home you 're screwing into end grain of the fence rails prevent sagging of posts! Opened, but they do n't secure it to the camera and prevents sagging over time fence! Relatively level, you can mark three to four posts at a uniform height the 3-1/2-inch space, a. Typical pressure treated pine (?? and building a fence gate you. Wet and dry periods, the bottom approximately 1 '' above the ground gate on this fence made... A gallon size square pouch run the string on the exterior side of the.. Line, but you aren’t confident in building your … Pallet Dog Fences an extra set of for. This board is the frame in place waived which was built in 1854 fence as... Your very own picket fence are our top tips for planning, use an 8-foot across... A second brace was added to the gate square and prevent sagging gap between the pickets are.. While others are created with level tops - it 's just up to what you need and want a block.