Here you can find the main text of the Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA), as well as updated versions of all Annexes and Protocols. Harmonised standards are common to all countries of the EEA and CE marked products are required to have access to … A local television service was called Channel Islands Live started transmitting in early 2016, from the studios at Dorset Street, St. Helier, Jersey, Channel Islands. 2) The above statement implies that products that have been on the market or in service in any of the following areas, before the implementation of a directive, are excluded from It is responsible for wireless telegraphy licensing throughout the islands, and by agreement, for broadcasting regulation in the two large islands only. Even though Switzerland is not an EEA member, its citizens enjoy similar benefits in the UK. For the most part the islands legislate for themselves. The waters around the islands include the following: The highest point in the islands is Les Platons in Jersey at 143 metres (469 ft) above sea level. It was not until the early 1990s that the islands joined the UK's postcode system, Jersey postcodes using the initials JE and Guernsey GY. This affected only a minority of islanders. The Roman name for the Channel Islands was I. Lenuri (Lenur Islands) and is included in the Peutinger Table[9]:4 The traditional Latin names used for the islands (Caesarea for Jersey, Sarnia for Guernsey, Riduna for Alderney) derive (possibly mistakenly) from the Antonine Itinerary. However, Switzerland no longer participates in the European Economic Area. Submarine cables connect the various islands and provide connectivity with England and France. Bailiwick Radio broadcasts two music services online, through Apple & Android apps and on TuneIn. Moreover, much of the population of military age had joined the British Army already. In Jersey, potatoes are an important export crop, shipped mostly to the UK. [35], The islands have never been part of the European Union, and thus were not a party to the 2016 referendum on the EU membership, but were part of the Customs Territory of the European Community by virtue of Protocol Three to the Treaty on European Union. The Chausey Islands south of Jersey are not generally included in the geographical definition of the Channel Islands but are occasionally described in English as 'French Channel Islands' in view of their French jurisdiction. The European Economic Area (the EEA) includes all EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. They make up 99% of the population and 92% of the area. In the early 21st century, the existence of governmental offices such as the bailiffs' with multiple roles straddling the different branches of government came under increased scrutiny for their apparent contravention of the doctrine of separation of powers—most notably in the Guernsey case of McGonnell -v- United Kingdom (2000) 30 EHRR 289. The Isle of Sark Shipping Company operates small ferries to Sark. The EEA is composed of all EU members states as well as the following: Iceland. The Agreement on the EEA entered into force on 1 January 1994. [40], Jersey is heavily reliant on financial services, with 39.2% of Gross Value Added (GVA) in 2018 contributed by the sector. 28 member states within EU; three of the four member states of the EFTA (Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway). The islands were the only part of the British Isles to be occupied by the German Army during World War II. [21], Following the liberation of 1945, reconstruction led to a transformation of the economies of the islands, attracting immigration and developing tourism. Edward III of England granted a Charter in July 1341 to Jersey, Guernsey, Sark and Alderney, confirming their customs and laws to secure allegiance to the English Crown. [27] The first evacuees returned on the first sailing from Great Britain on 23 June,[20] but the people of Alderney were unable to start returning until December 1945. Christianity was brought to the islands around the sixth century; according to tradition, Jersey was evangelised by St Helier, Guernsey by St Samson of Dol, and the smaller islands were occupied at various times by monastic communities representing strands of Celtic Christianity. The European Economic Area (EEA) was established via the Agreement on the European Economic Area, an international agreement which enables the extension of the European Union's single market to member states of the European Free Trade Association. The States have evolved over the centuries into democratic parliaments. Many of the evacuees who returned home had difficulty reconnecting with their families after five years of separation. Switzerland is not part of the EEA, but has an agreement that extends the single market to include it. Each has its own independent laws, elections, and representative bodies (although in modern times, politicians from the islands' legislatures are in regular contact). The EEA links the EU member states and three EFTA states (Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway) into an internal market governed by the same basic … "Channel Islands" is a geographical term, not a political unit. On 20 August 2013, Huelin-Renouf, which had operated a "lift-on lift-off" container service for 80 years between the Port of Southampton and the Port of Jersey, ceased trading. That case, following final judgement at the European Court of Human Rights, became part of the impetus for much recent constitutional change, particularly the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (2005 c.4) in the UK, including the separation of the roles of the Lord Chancellor, the abolition of the House of Lords' judicial role, and its replacement by the UK Supreme Court. Norse settlement eventually succeeded initial attacks, and it is from this period that many place names of Norse origin appear, including the modern names of the islands. [53], Cricket is popular in the Channel Islands. In 2001 and 2002, the Channel Islands entered a team into the MCCA Knockout Trophy, the one-day tournament of the minor counties of English and Welsh cricket. From the beginning of the ninth century, Norse raiders appeared on the coasts. The term "Channel Islands" began to be used around 1830, possibly first by the Royal Navy as a collective name for the islands. It includes the Azores, Madeira ( Portugal ), the Ǻland islands ( Finland ), the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla ( Spain ) and the French overseas departments. Therefore EEA contains same countries as SEPA with the … Many of the town domiciles existing today were built in that time. The Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Gibraltar are not within the EEA. Motorenbezeichnung mit Leistung;    engine name and power, CE marking services for recreational craft. Under Protocol 3, the Islands are part of the Customs Union and can trade in goods and agricultural products as if … During the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Jersey held out strongly for the Royalist cause, providing refuge for Charles, Prince of Wales in 1646 and 1649–1650, while the more strongly Presbyterian Guernsey more generally favoured the parliamentary cause (although Castle Cornet was held by Royalists and did not surrender until October 1651). … Historically there have been railway networks on Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney, but all of the lines on Jersey and Guernsey have been closed and dismantled. The dependencies of other member states presumably have similar arrangements. There were probably some Celtic Britons who settled on the Islands in the 5th and 6th centuries AD (the indigenous Celts of Great Britain, and the ancestors of the modern Welsh, Cornish, and Bretons) who had emigrated from Great Britain in the face of invading Anglo-Saxons. Each of the three largest islands has a distinct vehicle registration scheme: In Sark, where most motor traffic is prohibited, the few vehicles – nearly all tractors – do not display plates. 1) Products that fall within the scope of a directive must comply when first put on the market or put into service in any of the following areas. Their numbers have been reinforced by recent migrants from Poland and elsewhere in Eastern Europe. [12]:2–4 Owain Lawgoch, a mercenary leader of a Free Company in the service of the French Crown, attacked Jersey and Guernsey in 1372, and in 1373 Bertrand du Guesclin besieged Mont Orgueil. The Isle of Wight, which is part of England, lies just off the coast of Great Britain, between the Channel and the Solent. This article is about the Crown dependencies. 'Îles Normandes' and 'Archipel Normand' have also, historically, been used in Channel Island French to refer to the islands as a whole. Sark in the 16th century was uninhabited until colonised from Jersey in the 1560s. In simple terms, the Island is treated as part of the European Community or EU market for the purposes of free trade in goods, but otherwise is not a part of the EU. It allows them to be part of the EU’s single market. In the late twentieth century, a strong Roman Catholic presence re-emerged with the arrival of numerous Portuguese workers (both from mainland Portugal and the island of Madeira). [13] The young King Richard II of England reconfirmed in 1378 the Charter rights granted by his grandfather, followed in 1394 with a second Charter granting, because of great loyalty shown to the Crown, exemption for ever, from English tolls, customs and duties. [52], The annual "Muratti", the inter-island football match, is considered the sporting event of the year, although, due to broadcast coverage, it no longer attracts the crowds of spectators, travelling between the islands, that it did during the twentieth century. The EEA extends the single market to all 31 member states and allows nationals of participating countries to travel freely between them. These services are provided by BBC Radio Jersey, BBC Radio Guernsey, BBC Channel Islands, ITV Channel Television, Island FM, and Channel 103. In the sixth century, they were already included in the diocese of Coutances where they remained until the Reformation. They are an incorporated part of the commune of Granville (Manche). Guernsey is not part of the European Union. The numerous dolmens and other archaeological sites extant and recorded in history demonstrate the existence of a population large enough and organised enough to undertake constructions of considerable size and sophistication, such as the burial mound at La Hougue Bie[8] in Jersey or the statue menhirs of Guernsey. The EEA includes EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. They include two Crown dependencies: the Bailiwick of Jersey, which is the largest of the islands; and the Bailiwick of Guernsey, consisting of Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, Herm and some smaller islands. [48], The Norman language predominated in the islands until the nineteenth century, when increasing influence from English-speaking settlers and easier transport links led to Anglicisation. Eurozone is a group of countries, where you can pay with the € (Euro). Islanders became involved with the Newfoundland fisheries in the seventeenth century. Since then, the Channel Islands have been governed as possessions of the Crown and were never absorbed into the Kingdom of England and its successor kingdoms of Great Britain and the United Kingdom. Bitte die mit * gekennzeichneten Felder ausfüllen. The two major islands are Jersey and Guernsey. [49] There are four main dialects/languages of Norman in the islands, Auregnais (Alderney, extinct in late twentieth century), Dgèrnésiais (Guernsey), Jèrriais (Jersey) and Sercquiais (Sark, an offshoot of Jèrriais). Gallo-Roman culture was adopted to an unknown extent in the islands.[10]. Chausey is referred to as an 'Île normande' (as opposed to anglo-normande). The formal relationship between the Channel Islands and the EU is enshrined in Protocol 3 of the UK’s 1972 Accession Treaty, and confirmed in what is now Article 355 (5) (c) of the EU Treaties. But there were not enough of them to leave any trace and the islands continued to be ruled by the king of the Franks and its church remained part of the diocese of Coutances. Guernsey neither contributes to, nor directly receives anything from, the funds of the European Union. [39] Historically Guernsey's horticultural and greenhouse activities have been more significant than in Jersey, and Guernsey has maintained light industry as a higher proportion of its economy than Jersey. The names of the larger islands in the archipelago in general have the -ey suffix, whilst those of the smaller ones have the -hou suffix. 6,600 out of 50,000 left Jersey while 17,000 out of 42,000 left Guernsey. [50], Victor Hugo spent many years in exile, first in Jersey and then in Guernsey, where he finished Les Misérables. The Jersey cricket team and the Guernsey cricket team are both associate members of the International Cricket Council. Both are British Crown dependencies, and neither is a part of the United Kingdom. The islands were invaded by the French in 1338, who held some territory until 1345. Products that fall within the scope of a directive must comply when first put on the market or put into service in any of the following areas. A number of islands in the English Channel are part of France. The EEA is an agency of the European Union. There are three airports in the Channel Islands; Alderney Airport, Guernsey Airport and Jersey Airport, which are directly connected to each other by services operated by Blue Islands and Aurigny. [citation needed], Various attempts to transfer the islands from the diocese of Coutances (to Nantes (1400), Salisbury (1496), and Winchester (1499)) had little effect until an Order in Council of 1569 brought the islands formally into the diocese of Winchester. The lowest point is the English Channel (sea level). Further national information will be published later in 2019 as a part of the The European environment — state and outlook 2020 r eport (SOER 2020). Jubilee Hospital Radio provided Guernsey hospitals with a radio service, Radio Lions serves Jersey hospitals. Otherwise, entities proclaiming membership of both Guernsey and Jersey might in fact be from one bailiwick only, for instance the Channel Islands Securities Exchange is in Saint Peter Port (and therefore Guernsey). [51] A "Guernsey-man" also makes an appearance in chapter 91 of Herman Melville's Moby-Dick. [4] The Crown dependencies are not members of the Commonwealth of Nations nor of the European Union. There was no resistance movement in the Channel Islands on the scale of that in mainland France. the Crown, the Church, and the people). The Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Gibraltar are not within the EEA. Legal notice. In Saint Peter Port, a large part of the harbour had been built by 1865. 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