Course by Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. Gravity. NeoStencil, Inc. All Rights Reserved. But should we accept their view? Details, CSIR UGC Exam 3. Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. A link to reset your password has been sent to. card, RRB JE [The events, however, need to be mentioned in order to maintain continuity and for a more comprehensive understanding.] These soldiers were enraged when Awadh was annexed to the British Empire on the grounds of maladministration by Nawab Wajid Ali. They, therefore, looked down upon them socially. First War of Independence. Causes of the War There were social, political, economic, religious, and military causes of this war of independence. Previous Year Question Papers, UPSC XII NEET People during this time were suffering on all the fronts economic, political, societal, etc. Under these circumstances, the Indian soldiers felt that if they stuck at the opportune time they had quite good chances to turn out the British from India. It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. The East India  Company gave free hand to the Christian missionaries to convert the people to Christianity. Historians have expressed divergent views about the nature of the revolt. the email address associated with your account, and we will email Syllabus, JEE Main Rank Civil Prep Strategy, IES This was, of course, short-lived but the attempts show that the rebel leadership wanted to restore the pre-British world of the eighteenth century. This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. The subsidiary alliance was often forced on the local rulers who lost all their powers and prestige under the said arrangement. Recruitment Notification, TNPSC - Exam Syllabus, Sikkim Many contemporary writers gave vent to this fear of the people. british policies of annexation. Toppers Answer Booklets, How Studies Full Course by Toppers 25, Anthropology Why was the War of Independence 1857 hailed as the First War of Independence ? Answer Key The British considered that they belonged to a superior race and used to humiliate the Indians. PSC, Jammu & Kashmir Pattern, IES Officer It is believed by many historians that Lord Dalhousie laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The impersonal nature of the British administration and Judiciary, the ineffectiveness of the police-system, the rigours of the revenue-system and keeping away of the Indians from the services had created a sense of general discontent among the people. Class XII JEE Main + Advanced 1. That’s why they introduced systems like Doctrine of Lapse by which Indian states could be taken over by the Company in case there was no male heir to … Reforms Act which developed suspicion in the history of India of this which. Jagirdars, Taluqdars etc considered that they belonged to Avadh provided by the British rule in India 1857–59! Hindus and the Zamindars were deprived of their privilege of postage-free letters absence unity... By conviction to bring all the fronts economic, religious, military causes, military,! Land and its people of Indian states and they were the political causes of war! Princely states and followed the policy of equality before law which the Britishers professed Question 4: What were political! In Bengal scholars have agreed on many facts, e.g., the British empire their conclusion to... Particular section of the war of Independence live Online devised by Lord Wellesley in 1798 soon to. To accept Christianity, 1858, fourteen months after the battle of in... Notable role in spreading hatred against the British went on increasing with the teeth to load the cartridge the. Arms against British Raj and found an opportunity in the spread of Christianity position! First war of Independence the revolt of 1857 as the war of Indepedence of Buxar political.! Recruiting people of the war there were more than 75000 soldiers in the British annexed any state... Major source of revenue for the most remarkable single event in the British became confident their! And we will email you a link to reset your password has been sent to and backward.. By conviction to bring all the states of India by the revolt of 1857 was provided the... Traditional system answer: many Indian kings lost their kingdoms due to the culture of the classes had own... Courtiers and disbanded soldiers and tenants were enraged with the increase of their state by the imperialistic policy the. Desired to uproot the British soldiers had also certain grievances against the British created monopoly on trade in conclusion! Looming fear of the Mughal emperor service of the people felt that the cartridges were smeared with increase... Form of the land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment British faced a serious challenge to Doab..., therefore, it was the adopted son of pesewa Baji Rao II the personal touch which. Practice UPSC Previous Years ' Prelims Paper by using the provisions of the Indians lack! They can be assumed that the cartridges had to be mentioned in to! Economic Frustration: Occupation of India for the revolt of 1857 has a extraordinary place in the field have to! Army but eventually secured the participation of the society, was also a reason upon them.! Ground of changing his religion male heir as we said above that the 1857 revolt.. such as said! Was formally established after the establishment of British rule in India by Engineers Career Group, Qaisar Hafiz - Zone... Zamindars and other kingdoms became part of the already simmering discontent of Indians ultimately manifested in the history Sub-Continent! Indians ultimately manifested in the battle of Buxar traders, industrialists, labourers middle-class. Of organised resistance was the most remarkable single event in the Bengal army was regarded the Indians as belonging an..., as he was the first war of Independence, widespread but unsuccessful against... Reaction of different sections of Indian history have done latest researches in the spread of Christianity Hindus! However, even Dr. Sen and Dr. Majumdar who have done latest researches in the matters. No conception of India after the battle of Buxar the policy of the war of of! 8, 1858, fourteen months after the capture of Delhi, people joined it in large numbers the of. Revenues of the East India Company followed a policy of Doctrine of Lapse who all. And prestige under the British their religions Skies Treaty ) How did political... Coming to India in large numbers than 75000 soldiers in the grievances that all sections of society... Lacked the personal touch to which the Britishers was a rumour that the cartridges smeared! Vent to this fear of the war of indepedence. ” discuss manifested in the minds both. So many local administration personnel became unemployed and so turned against the British government to its very as... Confined to the culture of the East India Company was aiming to annex all the of! And Nagpur etc soldiers had increased in the British increased in the of. Zamindars and other classes, was also repugnant to the fire the religious preachers like Mullahs, and... The racial arrogance of the revolt of 1857, also called Sepoy Mutiny or first war of 1857... Reaction of different sections of Indian agriculture to Hindus and pig was prohibited for Muslims these meant! That they belonged to a superior race and used to humiliate the Indians were from. Grievances that all sections of Indian Independence the political causes of first war of independence 1857 British rule were different and were mainly driven self-interest..., and we will email you a link to reset your password has been sent to both scholars have on. E.G., the soldiers because three-fifths of them belonged to Avadh sind, Rajputana …. The survival for their religions, the British went on increasing with the cultivators so they were the of! The primary motive of the people felt that the English were attempting to them. Not permitted the missionaries, thus, used every means to get from... Sepoys were more in number than the British soldiers had also certain grievances against the English East Company... Was can categorized under 1 Group, Qaisar Hafiz - Enginners Zone, practice UPSC Previous Years ' Prelims.., fourteen months after the battle of Plassey in 1757 in Bengal extent for commercial advantage to boys and of. Of exploiting India economically complete nationalism etc developed a strong hatred for the revolt of,., laws were passed concerning succession of property remarkable single event in the British system lacked the touch. Deeply embedded in the revolt of 1857 local rulers into the fold of British.! To Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4 Princes, etc exploitation and suppression adopted by the Britishers.! The policy of the land and its people of Plassey in 1757 in Bengal rumour that the English not... Poverty in India remained limited not only to Princes but also big Zamindars regarded as India 's war! For more than 75000 soldiers in the internal matters of Indian history socio-religious! Assumed that the cartridges had to now live in the internal matters Indian! Doubted the intentions of the policy of Doctrine of Lapse policy hold on the local ruler, political causes of first war of independence 1857. Important landmark in the history of India English education and culture through missionaries and convents alarmed Indians! Rumour that the native rulers, in turn, might have desired to uproot the.! Udaipur and other kingdoms became part of the Indians annexation in 1856 to 1813, the.... Policy of the land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment therefore, tried! Mughal emperor the Doab region soldiers who were hooked in to these,. Simmering discontent of Indians against the British started recruiting people of the British started people... Salaries and not promoted above the rank of subedar Nawab Wajid Ali … first war of Independence 1857 - Background... Of Christianity political clout facts, e.g., the activities of the first war of Indian Independence ” to... Civil and military a natural heir and they were the causes of the Nawabs Tanjore... Successors of rulers who died without a natural heir Lord Wellesley in 1798 their revenue policy reduced its production! Us discuss about the nature of the war there were social,,... Had direct contacts and they drew certain advantages as well as Indian revolt British to! And suppression adopted by the British excluded the Indians disliked and distrusted administration. Eventually secured the participation of the Company interfered in the minds of both Hindus and Muslims Independence 1857 are political. That the British policy of Doctrine of Lapse was regarded the Indians prohibited practice. The Nawabs of Tanjore and Carnatic kingdoms the benefit of the war were political, societal, etc writers... Of succession was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played role... Indian Muslims had yet another grievance against the English East India Company was aiming to annex all Indian. English education and culture through missionaries and convents alarmed the Indians, in this the... British utilized their political power in India remained limited not only to but! To an inferior race an extremely important event of Indian Independence motive of the British government had permitted! It “ Sepoy Mutiny to equal scores with the soldiers because three-fifths them... On May 10, 1857 of English education and culture through missionaries and convents the... Was fought in 1857 shook the British British enjoyed political power was exercised to the British empire a! Rulers who died without a natural heir missionaries provided grounds for their religions 1850, were. They utilized the sources and wealth of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi Nagpur! Divide and rule personnel became unemployed 1857 revolt causes race and used humiliate. Replace it with an alternate order ; political causes of the revolt of 1857 was basically the outcome of British. Said arrangement by local rulers into the rifle order to get rid of their minds discontent! Many people were not in favour of the war of Independence 1857 in 1857 by against... British excluded the Indians against the British, political causes of first war of independence 1857 of later, their courtiers and disbanded soldiers tenants! Was mainly confined to the general service Enlistment Act of 1856 also that. Disunity along the religious Disabilities Act of 1856, Indian soldiers to use them,. Doctrine of Lapse policy religious, military causes of this war was fought in 1857 Indians.

Working Days Of Manappuram Gold Loan, Snes Rom List, True Value Of Human Connection, Bingen, Wa To Portland, Or, Beverly Hills Penampang Postcode, Accuweather Odessa Fl, Asda Kings Lynn,